by the European commission)
The ongoing outbreaks of H5N1 Avian Influenza in
Indonesia have had a significant impact. Since august 2003, more than 10
million livestock have been affected and the H5N1 virus has crossed the species
barrier resulting in at least 135 confirmed human cases with 110 deaths.
Moreover, the potential exists for the H5N1 Avian Influenza Virus to trigger a
Research on clinical disease, virology and epidemiology
of H5N1 in Indonesia is needed to understand the ecology and variability in
transmission to human. To foster essential research, WHO requested for proposal
that will then be evaluated through a review process. The awards will then be
made to competent researchers and institutions focuses on research of local
scientists and public health professionals.
Areas for research include:
Studies of disease ecology, transmission and epidemiology.
Studies of clinical spectrum and management of disease.
Detailed information of call for proposal, include:
application and assessment process, assessment criteria and deadline of
proposal submission, is attached and available at WHO Indonesia Country Office
web- site. http://
(Soal UN SMA/MA IPA 2011/2012)
1. Who are specifically invites to send research
A. Scientists and professionals from around the
B. Indonesian scientists and public health
C. Professionals researchers in health sciences
D. Health institutions in Indonesia
E. Researchers specializing in H5N1 Virus
2."...for the H5N1 Avian Influenza virus to
trigger a human pandemic"(line 4-5)
The underlined word is closest in meaning to.......