This text is for questions 1 to 3.
Land reclamation will definitely increase land area for a certain country. More land has been made available for development. More buildings and infrastructure can be built.
However, much greenery has been removed in order for the land needed. Land reclamation can be damaging to corals and marine life. Corals are usually moved to another place when land is to be reclaimed. The corals might not be able to survive in that certain habitat, and thus die out. In some countries, where the project is large-scale, they do not even bother to re-plant the corals elsewhere, instead just reclaim the land on their habitat, causing them to die out immediately. Marine life, such as fish, might not have enough food after the plantations are destroyed due to reclamation of land. This applies to the food chain. The water might also be polluted from the soil used to reclaim land, causing the fish to die and blocking out sunlight, depriving the underwater plants of growth. Marine habitats are also destroyed; therefore, the marine creatures would be forced to move to another new habitat. Some might not be able to adapt, and thus die out. Some would just die without even finding a new habitat, as they cannot move long distances in water.
Finally, the reasons and examples look tempting to humans, but marine life is life too! We should try to protect it as much as possible, instead of just focusing on the advantages.
1. The purpose of the text is to ....
A. show different views about land reclamation.
B. influence readers to support land reclamation.
C. persuade readers to support land reclamation.
D. explain how important land reclamation is.
E. criticize about land reclamation.
2. The reader learns from the text that the corals should be replanted because ....
A. they can survive elsewhere easily.
B. they make fish have their hiding place.
C. they could block out sunlight for the fish.
D. their habitat can be used to reclaim again.
E. they could survive as the source of food for fish.
3. What do paragraphs 2 and 3 tell about?
A. Both paragraphs tell the opinion that support and reject the idea of land reclamation.
B. Paragraph 2 tells about the opinion that support land reclamation while paragraph 3 tells about its detail.
C. Paragraph 2 tells about the opinion that support land reclamation while paragraph 3 presents the conclusion.
D. Paragraph 2 tells about the opinion that is against land reclamation while paragraph 3 presents the opinion that support it.
E. Paragraph 2 tells about the opinion that is against land reclamation while paragraph 3 presents the conclusion.
Sumber: Soal asli UN SMA/MA IPA 2019.
Keyword: discussion text dan soal, discussion text dan jawaban, teks discussion dan jawaban untuk SMA.