A natural disaster is a terrible
accident, e.g. a great flood, a big fire or an earthquake. It usually causes
great suffering and loss of a large sum of money. The casualties are injured or
died. Some people are homeless and need medical care.
Floods occur when the water of
rivers, lakes, or streams overflow their banks and pour onto the surrounding
land. Floods are caused by many different things. Often heavy rainstorms that
last for a brief can cause a flood. But not all heavy storms are followed by
flooding. If the surrounding land is flat and can absorb the water, no flooding
will occur. If, however, the land is hard and rocky, heavy rain cannot be
absorbed. Where the banks are low, a river may overflow and flood adjacent
In many part of the world flood are
caused by tropical storms called hurricanes or typhoons. They bring destructive
winds of high speed, torrents of rain, and flooding. When a flood occurs, the
destruction to surrounding land can be severe. Whole villages and towns are
sometimes swept away by water pouring swiftly over the land. Railroad track
blocked and uprooted from their beds. Highways are washed away.
When a building caught fire, the
firemen pitched in to help battle the blaze. Before the pumps were invented,
people formed bucket brigades to fight fires. Standing side by side, they
formed a human chain from the fire to nearby well or river. They passed buckets
of water from to hand to be poured on the flames.
The damage of the fire did depend a
great deal on where it happened. In the country or a small village, only a
single house might burn down. But in crowded cities, fire often destroyed whole
blocks and neighborhoods before being controlled.
(Soal UN SMA/MA IPA 2011/2012)
1. What can possibly
prevent rivers and lakes from overflowing?
a. An absorbent bed.
b. A rocky
c. A low land.
d. A high bank.
e. A high road.
2. We know from the text
that . . . .
a. River can sweep
b. People can make
money from flood
c. The destruction
by flood is always less severe
d. Water flood is
absorbed by land
e. Typhoons caused
3. We know from the text
that . . . .
a. The pump is the
only tool used by fire fighters now
b. The pump helps
people to fight fires more efficiently
c. Fires in big
cities are always very big
d. People no longer
use buckets to control file
e. Only firemen can
control fires in crowded cities