Pengertian dan Contoh Teks Narrative SMP

Teks Narrative adalah
teks yang berisi tentang cerita hayalan, dongeng, ataupun kisah nyata yang
telah dilebih-lebihkan. Biasanya ada nilai moral yang bisa dipetik di akhir
cerita. Contoh narrative text bisa berupa cerita rakyat, cerita binatang,
legenda, mitos, cerita pendek, komik, cerita kartun, dan lain-lain. Tujuan dari
narrative text adalah untuk menghibur pembaca. Struktur dari narrative text 
umumnya ada 3 yaitu sebagai berikut.

  1. Orientation: berisi
    pengenalan tokoh, tempat, dan waktu. Orientation berada di awal cerita.

  2.  Complication: sebuah masalah
    yang diangkat yang diikuti oleh masalah-masalah lain. Complication berada di
    pertengahan cerita.

  3. Resolution: solusi/pemecahan
    dari masalah. Solusi berada di akhir cerita.


Struktur di atas
merupakan struktur dasar dari teks narrative yang umumnya di
pakai. Serdangkan bentuk atau struktur yang lainnya bisa berbentuk:

  1. Orientation

  2. Complication

  3. Evaluation:

  4. Resolution atau juga
    biasa disebut solution

  5. Reorientation: penutup dari

  6. Coda: perubahan yang terjadi
    pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang bisa dipetik dari cerita.

     Note: Teks narrative menggunakan PAST TENSE.


Long ago on the top of Mount Kinabalu in Borneo,
there lived a dragon. He owned a large and beautiful pearl. People believed
that he controlled the weather with it.

The emperor of China heard this and wanted the
pearl. He sent his two sons, Wee Ping and Wee San to Borneo to steal it. The
princes, together with one hundred soldiers, set sail for Borneo in twelve
sailing junks.

When they arrived in Borneo, they set out
immediately to find the famous mountain. Their journey up the rugged slopes of
Mount Kinabalu proved very difficult. The dragon guarded his cave very fiercely
and killed many of their soldiers.

Then Wee San had a clever idea. He climbed a tall
tree, so he could see the dragon’s cave. He noted what time the dragon left his
cave to hunt for food and what time he returned to it.

Next he ordered his men to make a fake pearl and a
large kite. He waited until the dragon left his cave. Then he placed the fake
pearl in a bag, slung it across his shoulder and flew up to the mountain-top on
the kite. He exchanged the real pearl for the fake one and then his brother
pulled his kite back to the ground.

The brothers quickly returned to their ships and set
sail for China. They sailed safely home. The emperor was thrilled with the
pearl and gave a big party to celebrate his sons’ return.


Paragraph 1 & 2: Orientation

Paragraph 3&4: Complication

Paragraph 5: Resolution

Paragraph 6: Reoriention

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