Skateboards are sports equipment used for the activity of skateboarding. A skateboard consists of a specially designed maple wood board combined with a polyurethane coating in order to have smoother slides and stronger durability. Most skateboards are made with 7 plies of this wood.
Many skateboards exist with exotic or alternative constructions. Traditional complete skateboards consist of the deck (often with grip tape applied on top to enhance traction), trucks (with urethane bushings), wheels (with sealed bearings), nuts, and bolts to fasten the truck and wheel assembly to the bottom of the deck. Recently, electric skateboards have appeared. These no longer require the propelling of the skateboard by means of the feet; rather an electric motor propels the board, fed by an electric battery.
The board types depend largely upon their desired function. The two common types of skateboards are the longboard and the shortboard. Longboards are the type of skateboard with longer wheelbases (over 33 inches long) and larger, softer wheels. Shortboards are the type of skateboard that commonly have a rectangular shape kick tail at the back and a rounded nose in the front. They are usually less than 34 inches long. Besides, longboards are usually faster and are mostly used for cruising and racing, while shortboards are mostly used for doing tricks.
Sumber: Soal UN SMA/MA tahun 2018/2019.
1.The writer's purpose of the text is ....
a.to describe to the readers about skateboards in general
b.to inform the readers about skateboarding equipment
c.to explain how skateboards are classified
d.to entertain the readers by describing skateboards
e.to persuade the readers to try skateboarding
2.What can we conclude about a longboard?
a.It is a good tool for pleasure.
b.It is easy to use.
c.It is flexible to modify.
d.It is perfect for speed competition.
e.It is usually used for maneuver.
3. How do you compare paragraphs 2 and 3 in terms of the aim?
A. Paragraph 2 describes the parts of the skateboard; paragraph 3 the types of skateboards.
B. Paragraph 2 describes the skateboard construction; paragraph 3 the types of skateboards.
C. Paragraph 2 describes the skateboard construction; paragraph 3 the size of skateboards.
D. Paragraph 2 describes the parts of skateboard; paragraph 3 the size of skateboards.
E. Paragraph 2 describes the skateboard measurement; paragraph 3 the types of skateboards.
4. The underlined word in “… combined with a polyurethane coating in order to have smoother slides and stronger durability" in paragraph 1 means …